A  digital database containing information (such as records of financial  transactions) that can be simultaneously used and shared within a large  decentralized, publicly accessible network providing encrypted security.


Voice over Internet protocol a technology or set of standards for delivery of telephone calls and other voice communications over the Internet, involving conversion of analog voice signals to digital form. 


To distribute the administrative powers or functions of (a central authority) over a less concentrated area.


DApp is an abbreviated form for decentralized application. A DApp has its back end code running on a decentralized peer-to-peer network. Contrast this with an app where the back end code is running on centralized servers.

A DApp can have front end code and user interfaces written in any  language (just like an app) that can make calls to its back end. Furthermore, its front end can be hosted on decentralized storage such as  Swarm or IPFS.


To radically change (an industry, business strategy, etc.), as by introducing a new product or service that creates a new market.


A manually or automatically operated telephone facility that handles communications within an office, office building or organization that is connected to the public telephone network. 

centralized service provider

A Centralized Service Provider uses a type of computing architecture where all or most of the processing / computing is performed on a central server. Centralized computing enables the deployment of all of a central  server's computing resources, administration and management. The central  server, in turn, is responsible for delivering application logic,  processing and providing computing resources (both basic and complex) to  the attached client machines. Having all of the information stored in one central location allows for attackers to pinpoint one location where the information exists and then execute there attack. 

AI (artificial intelligence)

A  branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers.

UCaaS (Unified Communications as a Service)

Unified Communications as a Service:  A category of "as a Service" or "Cloud" delivery mechanisms for Enterprise Communications. Similar to "Platform as a Service", with UCaaS, unified communications services can be made available from the cloud to enterprises. 

DDos (Denial of service attack)

In computing, a denial-of-service attack is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of  a host connected to the Internet.


NuoDB’s active-active capabilities enable applications to read AND write to up to two data centers or Availability Zones at the same time. That means your database remains operational with no downtime, 

even if  one data center loses network connectivity or suffers a disaster. 


Direct inward dialing (DID), also called direct dial-in (DDI) in Europe and Oceania, is a telecommunication service offered by telephone companies to subscribers who operate a private branch exchange (PBX) system. The feature provides service for multiple telephone numbers over one or more analog or digital physical circuits to the PBX, and  transmits the dialed telephone number to the PBX so that a PBX extension  is directly accessible for an outside caller, possibly by-passing an  auto-attendant.  


An analog telephone adapter (ATA) is a device for  connecting traditional analog telephones, fax machines, and similar  customer-premises devices to a digital telephone system or a voice over IP telephony network. 


Unified communications and collaboration  (UCC) refers to the combined use of communications and collaboration  solutions. UCC aggregates the communication services that people often use into a single interface. These services include  email, instant messaging, voice, click-to-dial, presence,  videoconferencing and so on.